Miloliʻi is usually translated to mean “fine twist,” after the superb olonā cords woven here. The cords were used for lashing canoes and hales together, woven into nets and any purpose needing a long-lasting, extremely strong cord. Another possible translation is “small swirling,” named after the offshore currents. Miloliʻi has a narrow valley with steep slopes with the shore completely lined by reef, still rich fishing ground. There was an extensive irrigation system, and the remains of many structures, from taro ponds (Lo’i Kalo) to Hale terraces, can still be found.
The valley is cooled by two breezes: Pāhili-kai, “forceful winds from the sea,” and Hā-loa, “long hard breath,” which blew from the windward side of Ke-ana-o-Kū, “cave of Kū,” whose whereabouts is still unknown. Kaʻa-hole, “to peel by rolling” is a small valley on the northern end of the seashore. On the south is the side valley of Ka-uhao, “the scooping,” where many remanence of temporary fishing shelters and shrines still remain. The valley was named after Kauhao, laughter of Kapalama and Honouliuli, who lived during the reign of Ahukinialaʻa. She married Ke-ahua, a chief of the Puna kingdom, and had two children, Ka-uʻi-lani and Lepe-a-moa. The point at the mouth of the valley of Ka’auhau, “tax,” is named Lepeamoa. It is said she was born in the form of an egg. She could take on the form of many kinds of birds, as well as that of a beautiful woman, but her favorite shape was that of a hen.